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Cough is a very common occurrence among people. It is “a reflex action to clear your airways of mucus and irritants, foreign particles and microbes”. Coughs can be either dry or congested and usually clear up within 2 weeks.
Dry coughs are often felt in the back of the throat and a simple ticking can set the coughing into motion. This occurs when “the throat and upper airways become inflamed (swollen) and this is closely related to tickly coughs, both of which do not produce phlegm. A dry cough is most often the result of infection by cold and flu viruses when the inflammation in the throat and upper airways is considered to be a foreign object by the brain. Coughing is thus a way to remove these bacteria. Atmospheric pollutants, such as dust, or cigarette smoke irritating your throat can also trigger dry cough.
Chesty coughs produce mucus and these are triggered by an excessive amount of mucus in the chest. During this condition the mucus from the lung passages gets cleared. More mucus gets produced when the common cold or flu viruses enter the respiratory system. This increased mucus is usually generated by the body to clear away the bugs and help fight off the infection. However, it can get collected in the respiratory system and a cough reflex is triggered to help remove the extra phlegm.

  • Smoking.
  • Acid Reflux.
  • Patient has an upper respiratory tract infection caused by a virus or in more severe cases a chest infection or pneumonia.


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